VARIABILITY OF STUDY HABITS ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

VARIABILITY OF STUDY HABITS OVER THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL SCHOOL STUDENTS

ABSTRACT

This study examines the impact of study habits on the academic performance of junior secondary school students in Egbeda Akowonjo Local Government Area. Data were collected using descriptive survey research. The study sample included 100 secondary school students. The questionnaire containing fifteen (15) statements was the research instrument; three hypotheses were developed to test the data. Chi-square statistical method was used to analyze the data. Based on these findings, we have some recommendations.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page i

Certification ii

Dedication iii

Acknowledgment iv

Table of Content vi

Abstract viii

CHAPTER ONE

  • 1. Introduction

1. Background of the study

1.2 Statement of problem #3

1.3 Study Purpose 3

4.1.4 The Objectives of Study

1.5 Research questions 4

1.6 Research hypotheses 5

1.7 Scope of this study 5

1.8 Limitations of Study 5

1.9 Definitions 5

CHAPTER TWO

  • LITERATURE REVIEW 7

2.1 The study habit 8 Concept

Types of Study Habit 9

Study Habit Enhancers 13

2.4 Concept of Cognition 15

2.5 Types Of Cognition 16

2.6 Performance of Cognition 20,

2.7 Argument of 23 Theorists

2.8 Meta-Cognition 24

2.9 Autonomous Learning 30

2.10 Key Factors that Affect Study Habits, Cognition, and Other Behaviors

Meta-Cognition and Autonomous Learning 33

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 Research Methodology 37

3.1 Research Design 37

3.2 Research Population 38

3.3 Research Sample and Sampling Technique 38

3.4 Data Collection Methods and Instruments 39

3.5 Data analysis methods

CHAPTER FOUR

  • Analyze, present, and interpretation of data 41

4.1 Hypothesis Testing 42

CHAPTER FIVE

  • Summary 48

49

50 – 5.2 recommendation

REFERENCES 52

APPENDIX 53

CHAPTER 1

1.0 INTRODUCTION

Nigeria’s rise to civilization, entertainment, industry, job diversification, security, and beautiful lifestyles focuses our attention on our children. Instead of providing the foundation for children’s education, we must help them become whole children. Giving career guidance to children does not allow for goal sensitization or practical life experience. Learning will be easier if learners can switch between study habits depending on their subject. Learning will be easier if there is a variety in the study habits. This will allow learners to create a plan for their final time and help them achieve their future goals.

Parents and schools are responsible for providing personal support for learners to encourage them to engage in rigorous learning. The school must recruit qualified, experienced personnel who can advise parents on how to sensibilize their children and guide them, especially in secondary school, to get good results from each class (Adebayo D.A. and Torubeli 2008).

Students must make smooth transitions in their education through good study habits; they have to choose a career based on their mental and physical strengths.

Secondary schools in Nigeria (both public and private) lack a counseling and guidance unit. They do not recognize that counseling and career guidance are part of education. Although some secondary schools in Nigeria do not have a counseling or guidance unit, they provide very little career advice and counseling service to students making a career decision. This is because the school head, teachers, and owners provide this service. Although some secondary schools in Nigeria have a counseling and guidance unit, only 10% of them provide the required number of qualified and experienced staff. Research has shown that career counselors (personnel) must have a degree in teaching and a major in psychology. They also need to have at least two years of experience in counseling (Anthony, 2005).

These professionals are believed to understand the importance of study habits and when and how they should be introduced at each stage of learning, career selection, and job choice.

  • THE BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

The development of a state is determined by its academic and educational output. The state’s output will be judged if the student at a school maintains a good academic habit and achieves academic excellence (Olatoye, 2008).

If students show a lackadaisical attitude towards studies, it will decrease their enthusiasm for educational research. This will cause a slowdown in the development of the state. Education is the foundation of all societies.

The rate of failure in certain subjects on the junior secondary school final exam is evident, while there is a rare success in others. Research has shown that students’ academic performance in the recent ten (10) years has been poor, particularly in the Junior West African Examination Council (JWAEC) (Ogunkoya & Olatoye, 2009).

  • STUDY PURPOSE

This project examines the factors that influence study habits among students in junior secondary schools. It also aims to create the necessary, certified, and tested study habits.

  • STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Many learners have difficulty understanding content by themselves. This is a sign that the desire to learn and form habits to keep studying the content has been lost. These problems are present from the time they reach secondary school. These problems can be attributed to the methodology used by teachers and the environmental influences on learners.

It is one thing to observe a child and then force him or her to learn.

When comparing students in the classroom or group learning, individual differences must be considered.

This study aims at examining the effects of study habits on the academic performance of junior secondary students.

  • OBJECTIVES FOR THE STUDY

These researches are done in order to accomplish the following goals:

(1) To evaluate the effect of student study habits on academic performance.

(2) To analyze and determine the obstacles to effective study habits

(3) To support the importance of studying habits in the educational system

  • RESEARCH QUESTIONS

These are the questions that this research will answer after its work

(1) Does student behavior affect academic performance in secondary school?

(2) How does student interest influence secondary school study habits?

(3) How does the environment influence students’ study habits?

  • RESEARCH

Ho 1: There is no similarity between student academic performance and study habits in secondary school

Ho 2There is no relationship between secondary school students’ interests and study habits.

3 There is no relationship between the environment of students and their study habits.

  • STUDY

This study is restricted to four randomly selected junior secondary schools in Egbeda–Akowonjo LCDA, Alimosho Local Government Area, Lagos State. One hundred questions to one hundred students were asked from four (4) schools.

  • LIMITATIONS TO THE STUDY

This study has limitations due to financial constraints, the inability to access more information from all secondary schools within the council, and the limited time available for research.

1.9 DEFINITIONS TERMS

(1) VARIABILITY The study of variables in any situation

(2) HABITS Behaviours that have become a part of your life

(3) CAREERS The various occupations, jobs, and disciplines that a person could choose.

(4) COUNSELLING Helping someone solve a problem in a relationship is called counseling.

(5) EDUCATIONAL: This is passing knowledge on to someone, either informally or formally.

(6) GUIDANCE This is a type of assistance that an individual receives from time to time. It helps the individual to understand himself/herself and solve their problem.

(7) PERSONNEL – This refers to the human resources/people who provide guidance and counseling services for schools

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