GOVERNMENT POLICY IN REDUCING UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IN NIGERIA

GOVERNMENT POLICY IN REDUCING THE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

This research project examines government policy in reducing the unemployment rate in Nigeria. It traces the history and causes of unemployment to a large extent. It equally assesses the effects of unemployment as it affects Nigerian citizens. Results showed that unemployment causes much damage to an individual and the society at large such as armed robbery, touting, prostitution, and drug trafficking, to list a few. The paper contends that unemployment can only be reduced through the effective use of government policy. 

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

       PAGES 

Title Page i

Certification ii

Dedication iii

Acknowledgment iv

Abstract v

Table of Content vi

 

CHAPTER ONE: 

1.0 Background to the Study 1

1.1 Statement of the Problem 2

1.2 Research Questions 2

1.3 hypothesis 3

1.4 methodology 3

1.5 Scope and Limitation Of Study 3

1.6 Purpose of Study 3

1.7 Significance of Study 4

1.8 Definition of Terms 4

 

 

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

  • Introduction 5
    • What is Unemployment 8
    • Types of unemployment 10
    • Causes of unemployment 12
    • Effect of unemployment 17
    • Method of reducing unemployment 18

 

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY                        

3.0 Introduction 22

3.1 Research Design 22

3.2 Population of Study 22

3.3 Sample and Sampling Techniques 23

3.4 Research Instrument and Instrumentation 23

3.5 validity of the Research Instrument 24

3.6 Administration of Research Instrument 24

3.7 Method of Data Analysis 24

 

 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.1 Presentation of results and Data Analysis 25

4.2 The Questionnaire 25

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.0 Introduction 34

5.1 Summary 34

5.2 Conclusions 36

5.3 Recommendation 37

References 40

Appendix 42

 

CHAPTER ONE GOVERNMENT POLICY IN REDUCING THE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IN NIGERIA 

1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Today, there is hardly a nation where the problem of unemployment makes no meaning, except for some countries that are creating an opportunity to alleviate the suffering of its citizen by allocating a particular percentage of their annual budget towards the payment of the unemployed members such country.

The history of man would not be complete without the issue of unemployment forming one of the base write-ups. Prior to the advent of the colonialists, there existed few people on the earth’s surface, and most resided in the rural area with much to do and lots to eat; there was peace and tranquility on the earth, with the majority of the people being fanners, fishers, and artisan in other various disciplines, while very few engage in trading and business alike in which the issue of unemployment was a nonissue for there was more than enough to be engaged in. however, with the advent of the colonialists and introduction of white-collar jobs, i.e., office job, most in the urban area and heavy industrialization. There was also the introduction of western education to corroborate and educate the masses on how to go about acquiring skills and become viable in the different disciplines, and coupled with the advent of crude oil, there came mass urban migration due to the fat remuneration, and the abandonment of farming and all other disciplines became abandoned.

1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The recent modern phenomena such as industrialization, urbanization, and evolutionary development have consequently provoked sudden unemployment in Nigeria. Therefore the effect of unemployment can be looked at from the following perspective.

  1. Reduction in government revenue
  2. Rural-urban migration
  3. Social and economic implications
  4. Political instability
  5. State of insecurity

Hence the following questions are raised in this study.

1.2 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  1. Does academic qualification determine the level of unemployment?
  2. Does unemployment play a major role in the crime rate?

 

1.3 HYPOTHESIS

H1: There will be a significant difference in academic qualification and the level of unemployment.

Ha: There will be no significant difference in academic qualification and the level of unemployment.

H1: There is a significant difference in unemployment and crime rates.

Ha: There is no significant difference in unemployment and crime rates.

1.4 METHODOLOGY

This study is determined to check government policy in reducing the unemployment rate in Nigeria.

1.5 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF STUDY

This study will be limited to:

  1. Publications on government economic policy
  2. Economics textbooks
  3. Newspapers

1.6 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The general purpose of this research work is to find possible means of checking unemployment through the following ways

  1. To suggest the solution to the social problem of unemployment
  2. To examine the nature of unemployment
  3. To determine the causes of unemployment
  4. To create awareness among the people in the society, the effect of unemployment

1.7 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This research aims to look critically at the effects of unemployment and how unemployment can be reduced in Nigeria. This research work will be of great importance to the government, as it will proffer possible solutions to unemployment problems, which will help improve the Nigerian economy in no small measure.

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS

  • Unemployment: Means a situation whereby labor is idle instead of being engaged in productive activities
  • Industrialization: Implies the development of industries in a country or an area.
  • Urbanization: Means to make a rural area, a village, e.t.c, more like a town or city by building many new and modern houses and factories.
  • Evolutionary: The process of gradual development
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